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2011 (Vol. 3, Issue: 6)
Article Information:

An Analysis of the Broiler Supply Chain in Swaziland: A Case Study of the Manzini Region

Micah B. Masuku
Corresponding Author:  Micah Masuku 

Key words:  Broiler chickens analysis, poultry contracts, supply chain, , , ,
Vol. 3 , (6): 492-499
Submitted Accepted Published
2011 August, 26 2011 October, 15 2011 November, 15

This study analyses survey data gathered in 2009 from contract and non-contract broiler farmers in the Manzini region of Swaziland. A descriptive research design was used in the study and data were collected using personal interviews. The results show that the same type of inputs were used in both production systems with the only difference being the quantity of inputs used in each system. The results also revealed that productivity is higher for contract farmers as they produce birds with an average weight of 1.8 kg in 5 weeks and also produce an average of 34,500 birds per batch. The results further indicated that consumers buy live birds mostly from non-contract farmers and buy processed birds from contracted farmers. Consumers pay more for a bird produced through the contract system than a bird produced through the non-contract system. On average birds produced under non-contract system cost consumers E28.00 whilst birds produced under the contract system are sold on weight basis and costs the consumers E20.99 per kg. Thus on average consumers pay E32.50 for a whole bird produced under the contract system. The cost of producing one bird is high with non-contract farmers than is for contract farmers. With increasing competition and changes occurring in markets, producers need to understand and improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the broiler supply chain. This will often require a combination of firm-level actions as well as improvements in the entire value-chain. There is also a need for political will by government to protect farmers by promoting competition through enacting competition legislations and allow transparency within the value chain.
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  Cite this Reference:
Micah B. Masuku, 2011. An Analysis of the Broiler Supply Chain in Swaziland: A Case Study of the Manzini Region.  Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 3(6): 492-499.
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ISSN (Online):  2041-3890
ISSN (Print):   2041-3882
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