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2012 (Vol. 4, Issue: 1)
Article Information:

Explanatory Variables Associated with the Yield Performance Gap among Small- Medium-and Large-Scale Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) Growers at Ubombo Sugar, Big bend, Swaziland

Mbuyazwe M. Dlamini and Barnabas M. Dlamini
Corresponding Author:  Mbuyazwe M. Dlamini 

Key words:  Ex post facto, growers, predictors, sugar, yield performance, ,
Vol. 4 , (1): 32-39
Submitted Accepted Published
2011 August, 16 2011 October, 07 2012 January, 25
Abstract:

The purpose of the ex post facto study was to determine explanatory variables for sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) yield among small, medium and large scale-growers at Ubombo Sugar, Swaziland. The target population of the census study was all small-medium-and large-scale-growers, milling their cane at the Big Bend Mill. Data were collected using valid and reliable questionnaires. The findings indicated that large-scale farmers obtained significantly higher yields than small and medium scale-growers. However, sucrose percentage was higher with small-scale than medium and large scale-growers. Production inputs and farming services were available, accessible, and affordable to all groups of sugarcane growers. Sugarcane growers were within the recommended delays in implementing the crucial planting and post harvest operations for sugarcane; and the man-days used per activity per hectare were within recommended practice. Explanatory variables for sugarcane yield were found to be distance between the farm and the mill; hand application of fertilizer man-days per hectare; and labour strength. Distance between the farm and the mill had a significantly negative influence on sugarcane yield. The research failed to reject the research hypothesis that good management and adequate production inputs increases sugarcane yield. The main conclusion was that, those farmers who were furthest from the mill should consider replacing sugarcane with other viable business ventures.
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  Cite this Reference:
Mbuyazwe M. Dlamini and Barnabas M. Dlamini, 2012. Explanatory Variables Associated with the Yield Performance Gap among Small- Medium-and Large-Scale Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) Growers at Ubombo Sugar, Big bend, Swaziland.  Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 4(1): 32-39.
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