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2012 (Vol. 4, Issue: 5)
Article Information:

Bovine Demodecosis: Treat to Leather Industry in Ethiopia

Tewodros Fantahun, Tsegiedingle Yigzaw and Mersha Chanie
Corresponding Author:  Tewodros Fantahun 

Key words:  Bovine demodecosis, gondar, prevalence, skin scraping, , ,
Vol. 4 , (5): 314-318
Submitted Accepted Published
October 07, 2011 November 18, 2011 September 25, 2012

A cross-sectional study was conducted commencing October 2010 to June 2011 in and around Gondar, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia with the objectives of assessing the economic impact; determine prevalence and extent of hide damage. A total of 384 cattle of all age, sex and breed OF were examined and deep skin scrapings with pus and ten hides were sampled. SPSS version 19 was used for data analysis. Higher prevalence was observed in cross breeds 15.75% than local breeds, 15.55%. The highest prevalence was observed from animals greater than 3 years of age, 48 (18.32 %) while the lowest, 9 (0.96 %) in those one to three years. 18.25% and 11.1% was recorded in female and male animals respectively. The spatial distribution of demodex on shoulder was 8.08 % and 1.04 % on ears and eyes respectively. Production system of semiintensive and extensive managements was found almost affecting similarly with 13.66% and 13.43% respectively. In lime-sulphide treated hides large nodules were prominent with dark contents; small nonprotruding nodules, enlarged openings and ragged depressions near the grain surface were dipcted. In conclusion the highest overall prevalence (15.63%) of D. bovis infestation was recorded. This indicates that despite many efforts tried to study infectious diseases prevalence in the study area, demodicosis has been given lesser attention to be treated as a separate health problem. Therefore, Prevention and control measures should be taken rather than treating demodicosis.
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  Cite this Reference:
Tewodros Fantahun, Tsegiedingle Yigzaw and Mersha Chanie, 2012. Bovine Demodecosis: Treat to Leather Industry in Ethiopia.  Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 4(5): 314-318.
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ISSN (Online):  2041-3890
ISSN (Print):   2041-3882
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