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2014 (Vol. 6, Issue: 1)
Article Information:

Sugar Value Chain in Zambia: An Assessment of the Growth Opportunities and Challenges

Thomson Kalinda and Brian Chisanga
Corresponding Author:  Thomson Kalinda 

Key words:  Diversification, employment creation, sugar industry, sustainable economic growth, value chain analysis, Zambia,
Vol. 6 , (1): 6-15
Submitted Accepted Published
September 18, 2013 October 04, 2013 January 25, 2014

The main objective of this study was to identify the major actors in Zambia’s sugar value chain and to assess the growth opportunities and constraints faced by the sub-sector. The study results show that the sugar sub-sector accounts for about 4% of the Gross Domestic Product and 6% of total national exports in Zambia. The sugar industry in Zambia is a monopolistic market structure dominated by one firm, Zambia Sugar Plc., which contributes over 90% of the total national sugar production. Zambia is one of the lowest cost producers of sugar globally. Growth in the sugar industry therefore holds great prospects for economic diversification and employment creation. Despite being a low cost sugar producer, growth of the sub-sector is constrained by high transaction costs. These include high fuel, electricity, transportation and distribution costs. Legislation on Vitamin A fortification of sugar also increases production costs and is a significant barrier to entry for potential entrants. Moreover, water rights and insecurity associated with customary land tenure have also emerged as major issues requiring attention to enhance investments into the sector. The situation is aggravated by lack of an articulate sugar sector policy to provide strategic guidance for sector development. In order to attract private sector investment and enhance growth; government policy should assure water rights and land tenure security for establishment of sugar plantations. There is also need to clarify government policy on bio-fuels as well as to review the export strategy to reduce dependence on EU markets and explore alternative regional markets.
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  Cite this Reference:
Thomson Kalinda and Brian Chisanga, 2014. Sugar Value Chain in Zambia: An Assessment of the Growth Opportunities and Challenges.  Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 6(1): 6-15.
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ISSN (Online):  2041-3890
ISSN (Print):   2041-3882
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