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2011 (Vol. 3, Issue: 1)
Article Information:

Proximate, Mineral and Biochemical Evaluation of the Haemolymph of Growing Snails Fed Fresh Lettuce Waste, Whole Lettuce, Pawpaw Leaves and Cabbage Waste

O.O. Babalola and A.O. Akinsoyinu
Corresponding Author:  O.O. Babalola 

Key words:  Biochemical constituents, growing snails, haemolymph, mineral profile, proximate composition, ,
Vol. 3 , (1): 1-4
Submitted Accepted Published
2009 December, 29 2010 January, 17 2011 January, 10
Abstract:

Disease states in experimental animals are usually accompanied by biochemical alterations. Thus a good working knowledge of reference values of some biochemical constituent of the haemolymph of snails (Archachatina marginata) is needed as reference point for future researchers on snail. It is also necessary to determine whether these values could be influenced by diets. Thirty six experimental snails of mean weight of 125.642.35g were randomly distributed into 4 dietary treatments of Pawpaw Leaves (PL), Whole Lettuce (WL), Lettuce Wastes (LW) and Cabbage Wastes (CW). Nine snails were used as control animals to determine the reference values. They were fed ad libitum for 60 days. Parameters determined were, proximate composition, mineral profile, total protein, albumin, globulin, albumin:globulin, alanine amino transferase (ALT) and aspartate amino transferase. There was significant (p<0.05) reduction in crude protein of haemolymph from 24.14 to 21.20% for snails fed LW. The increase in ash from 0.79 to 0.84 in snails fed LW was significant. There were significant increases in all the minerals analyzed in all the treatment groups with Calcium recording the highest concentration of 170 mg/mL. There was also significant (p<0.05) decrease in albumin and albumin:globulin when snails were fed the experimental diets. Values obtained for the enzymes, ALT and AST between treatments were similar. The study established that the feedstuffs were safe for their consumption and could not lead to any tissue damage. Values of 165 unit/l for AST, 11 units/l for ALT, total protein, 7.1 g/dl, globulin, 3.9 g/dl, albumin, 3.2 g/dl, and albumin:globulin, 0.82 could serve as reference values.
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  Cite this Reference:
O.O. Babalola and A.O. Akinsoyinu, 2011. Proximate, Mineral and Biochemical Evaluation of the Haemolymph of Growing Snails Fed Fresh Lettuce Waste, Whole Lettuce, Pawpaw Leaves and Cabbage Waste.  Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 3(1): 1-4.
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ISSN (Online):  2041-3890
ISSN (Print):   2041-3882
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