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2011 (Vol. 3, Issue: 5)
Article Information:

Association between Fasting of Ramadan and Risk Factors of Diabetes: A Study from Rajshahi City in Bangladesh

Obaidur Rahman and Md. Rafiqul Islam
Corresponding Author:  Dr. Md. Rafiqul Islam 

Key words:  Bangladesh, Blood pressure, BMI, diabetes, gastric, Ramadan, χ2 test
Vol. 3 , (5): 360-365
Submitted Accepted Published
2011 July, 07 2011 August, 21 2011 October, 25
Abstract:

The purpose of the study is to identify the association between fasting of Ramadan and risk factors of diabetes through χ2-test using the data of 297 Muslim diabetic patients collected from Rajshahi Diabetes Association, Rajshahi, Bangladesh. It is seen that 61.3 and 38.7% respondents perform religious activities regularly and irregularly respectively. But 86.2% respondents perform Ramadan fasting in which 57.6% and 28.6% respondents perform fasting in Ramadan regularly and irregularly respectively. The majority of respondents (79.5%) are belonged to >40 years of age where 68.7% perform fasting in Ramadan. Most of the respondents with performing Ramadan fasting (52.5%) are in middle (41-60 years) age group and they have a greater risk of diabetes with increasing their age especially after age 40 years. Again, 55.6 and 56.2% patients with fasting in Ramadan have normal blood pressure and normal weight respectively. So, fasting of Ramadan helps to keep blood pressure normal and to control weight of body which is very important for diabetic patients. During Ramadan fasting, there are 56.5% patients whose diabetic situation is decreasing or stable, 62% patients whose gastric have been decreasing and 48.1% patients whose weight of the body have been losing. Again, only 11.8% patients with fasting in Ramadan have a habit of smoking at present and the rest of them are not smoking at present. Also, it is found that respondentís age, occupation, living house, blood pressure, perform religious activities, diabetic situation during performing Ramadan, gastric decreasing during performing Ramadan, losing weight during performing Ramadan and smoking habit are significantly associated with fasting in Ramadan. So, Ramadan fasting can play an important role for controlling blood pressure, weight of the body, gastric, diabetes and for avoiding habit of smoking which is very essential for healthy life.
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  Cite this Reference:
Obaidur Rahman and Md. Rafiqul Islam, 2011. Association between Fasting of Ramadan and Risk Factors of Diabetes: A Study from Rajshahi City in Bangladesh.  Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology, 3(5): 360-365.
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ISSN (Online):  2042-4876
ISSN (Print):   2042-4868
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