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2012 (Vol. 4, Issue: 1)
Article Information:

Nutritional and Phytochemical Screening of Garcinia kola

A.O. Adesuyi, I.K. Elumm, F.B. Adaramola and A.G.M. Nwokocha
Corresponding Author:  A.O. Adesuyi 

Key words:  Antinutrients, anti-inflammatory, Garcinia kola, mineral, nutritional, phytochemicals, proximate
Vol. 4 , (1): 9-14
Submitted Accepted Published
2011 August, 12 2011 October, 24 2012 February, 15

The Nutritional and Phytochemical Screening of Garcinia kola were Investigated. The Nutritional Analyses involves Proximate analyses; Anti-Nutrient composition and Mineral composition. The Phytochemical parameters carried out were Flavonoids; Phenol; Alkaloids; Saponin and Tannin. The proximate Analyses showed that the sample has high level of Carbohydrate 88.30%, little amount of Crude Fibre and Protein 1.23 and 1.86%, respectively and negligible amount of Ash content 0.47% and Crude Fat 0.19%. Also a considerable level 7.6% of moisture was shown. This composition shows that the sample could be a good source of Carbohydrate, dietary fibre and Protein. The Anti-Nutrient composition presents are in negligible amount. The Parameters are Oxalate (0.423 g/100 g), Phytate (0.57 g/100 g) and Trypsin Inhibitor (0.37 g/100 g). The Mineral content show a high level of calcium (2200 ppm),Potassium (968 ppm) and Sodium (852 ppm). Other mineral analysed were found to range from moderate to negligible. Garcinia Kola could be a good source of minerals despite the negligible amount of Anti-Nutrients found that could prevent the absorption of these minerals. The result also show a high level of Saponin (2.471%), Flavonoids (2.041%) and Cardiac Glycosides (3.421%). Alkaloids and Tannins were present in Considerable amount 0.647 and 0.34%, respectively. But Phenol is present in negligible amount (0.147%). With the high level of Cardiac glycosides, Garcinia kola can be used as anti-inflammatory and as active components of drugs derived from plants.
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  Cite this Reference:
A.O. Adesuyi, I.K. Elumm, F.B. Adaramola and A.G.M. Nwokocha, 2012. Nutritional and Phytochemical Screening of Garcinia kola.  Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology, 4(1): 9-14.
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ISSN (Online):  2042-4876
ISSN (Print):   2042-4868
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