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2010 (Vol. 2, Issue: 1)
Article Information:

Lipid Contents and Fatty Acids Composition of Seed Oil from Twenty Five Pomegranates Varieties Grown in India

Amit Parashar, Nidhi Sinha and Poonam Singh
Corresponding Author:  Amit Parashar 

Key words:  Fatty acids, oilseed, pomegranate, Punica granatum L., total lipids, ,
Vol. 2 , (1): Page No: 12-15
Submitted Accepted Published
2009 October, 09 2009 November, 02 2010 January, 10

The fatty acids composition of the seed oils of 25 pomegranates varieties obtained from two different regions of India (Punica granatum L.) was qualitatively and quantitatively determined by gas chromatography. The seeds contained oil in the range of about 66.3-193 g/kg dry matter, a notably higher content than western pomegranate cultivars. Levels of lipid content probably could be considered insufficient for economic industrial exploitation except for medical usages and specific consumption. The pre-dominant fatty acid was linolenic acid (C18:3) and its content was about 31.8-86.6%, followed by linoleic acid (0.7-24.4%), oleic acid (0.4- 17.4%), stearic acid (2.8-16.7%) and palmitic acid (0.3-9.9%). To a lesser extent, the saturated myristic acid (0.1-4.7%) and behenic acid (0.0-3.9%) were also found in some cultivars. We have not confirmed the presence of lauric, arachidic and lignoceric acids previously reported in edible and non-edible pomegranate cultivars. Intervarietal differences in fatty acid compositions were shown and they could be useful to establish chemotaxonomic differences.
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  Cite this Reference:
Amit Parashar, Nidhi Sinha and Poonam Singh, 2010. Lipid Contents and Fatty Acids Composition of Seed Oil from Twenty Five Pomegranates Varieties Grown in India.  Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology, 2(1): Page No: 12-15.
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ISSN (Online):  2042-4876
ISSN (Print):   2042-4868
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