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2013 (Vol. 5, Issue: 04)
Article Information:

Quantitative Evaluation of the Environmental Quality of New Rural Communities-a Case Study of Henan Province, China

Yichuan Zhang, Lifang Qiao, Anguo Qi and Haichao Luo
Corresponding Author:  Yichuan Zhang 

Key words:  AHP, environmental quality, evaluation, new rural communities, TOPSIS, ,
Vol. 5 , (04): 374-380
Submitted Accepted Published
September 22, 2012 November 01, 2012 April 15, 2013
Abstract:

The construction of new rural communities is an important measure to promote the integration of urban and rural areas. The environmental quality of new rural communities represents the residential suitability of the communities. The evaluation of the environmental quality can help promote the healthy development of new rural communities. The present study combines AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) and TOPSIS (Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Lead Solution) for the evaluation and ordering of the environmental quality of 28 new rural communities in Henan Province, China. The AHP model containing four hierarchies is constructed: objective hierarchy, principle hierarchy, index hierarchy and factor hierarchy. The principle hierarchy is composed of 3 factors: social environment, material environment and ecological environment; the index hierarchy consists of 7 factors: service environment, civilized environment, planning environment, architectural environment, facility environment, greening environment, sanitation environment; the factor hierarchy consists of 14 factors: life service, health service, education degree, neighborhood relationship, spatial layout, functional layout, architectural style, architectural functions, infrastructure, public facilities, percentage of green open space, leisure and entertainment facilities, garbage treatment rate and wastewater treatment rate. By AHP model, the weight of the factors in every hierarchy is obtained and TOPSIS is employed for the ordering of the environmental quality of the 28 new rural communities. The results show: in the environmental evaluation, spatial layout, functional layout, architectural functions, infrastructure and neighborhood relationship have a relatively higher weight and more importance should be attached to these respects. The ordering of environmental quality of new rural communities has a high discrimination. The five communities with the highest environmental quality (representing 17.8% of the total communities) are R13, R6, R24, R23 and R28. The result can effectively reflect the environmental quality of new rural communities. On the one hand, this result can provide the basis for the transform and restructuring of the existing communities; on the other hand, it can be used as the reference for the quality control of newly-built communities, so that the objectives of new rural community construction will be met.
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  Cite this Reference:
Yichuan Zhang, Lifang Qiao, Anguo Qi and Haichao Luo, 2013. Quantitative Evaluation of the Environmental Quality of New Rural Communities-a Case Study of Henan Province, China.  Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology, 5(04): 374-380.
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ISSN (Online):  2042-4876
ISSN (Print):   2042-4868
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