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2011 (Vol. 3, Issue: 3)
Article Information:

Environmental Sanitation and Public Health Challenges in a Rapidly Growing City of the Third World: The Case of Domestic Waste and Diarrhoea Incidence in Greater Port Harcourt Metropolis, Nigeria

P.C. Mmom and C.F. Mmom
Corresponding Author:  Gift Chukwu-Okeah 

Key words:  Diarrhoea, domestic waste, health risk, handling, Port Harcourt, Public Health Sanitation,
Vol. 3 , (3): 115-120
Submitted Accepted Published
2011 March, 22 2011 April, 30 2011 June, 20
Abstract:

The study was instituted to identify diarrhoea risk factors in Port Harcourt, to measure their prevalence and apprehend the spatial distribution. Health problems linked to urban growth are current major concerns of developing countries. A close nexus exist between urbanization, sanitation and public Health. The conventional approach to environmental sanitation is characterised by a linear waste management system, where organic materials are often not only wasted, but also create pollution problems in receiving waters thereby posing health risks to the local populace. The cross-sectional epidemiological study that was carried out revealed a diarrheic prevalence of 14.4% (437 cases of diarrhoea on the 3,034 children examined). Also, among risk factors studied, household refuse management methods used by city dwellers were statistically associated to these diarrhoeas. Moreover, it happened that levels of diarrhoeal attacks varied consistently from one neighbourhood to another because of the discrepancy in urbanization process of the Port Harcourt metropolis.
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  Cite this Reference:
P.C. Mmom and C.F. Mmom, 2011. Environmental Sanitation and Public Health Challenges in a Rapidly Growing City of the Third World: The Case of Domestic Waste and Diarrhoea Incidence in Greater Port Harcourt Metropolis, Nigeria.  Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 3(3): 115-120.
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ISSN (Online):  2040-8773
ISSN (Print):   2040-8765
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