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2010 (Vol. 2, Issue: 4)
Article Information:

HIV-1 and -2 Antibodies among Children in Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria

W.F. Sule, I.O. Okonko, O.T. Yusuf, E. Donbraye, A. Fadeyi, A.O. Udeze and J.A. A lli
Corresponding Author:  Okonko Iheanyi Omezuruike 

Key words:  Children, HIV-1/2 antibodies, risk factors, seropositivity, Nigeria, ,
Vol. 2 , (4): Page No: 170-176
Submitted Accepted Published
2010 February, 07 2010 March, 05 2010 August, 30

This study was carried out to determine the seroreactivity of blood of children attending Kogi Diagnostic and Reference Hospital, Anyigba to HIV-1/2 peptides and to evaluate some of the children’s demographic variables that are associated with anti-HIV-1/2 antibody positivity. We consecutively selected and screened 100 male and female children (aged ≤16 years). Blood sample of each child was screened for HIV-1/2 antibodies using Chembio HIV-1/2 Stat-Pak® and Abbott Determine HIV-1/2® test kits. Only participants that were sero-reactive to the two test kits were identified as seropositive for HIV-1/2 antibodies. The results showed a prevalence rate of 10.0% (n = 100). Risk factors for HIV infection like age, gender, and tribal marks appeared not significantly associated with anti-HIV-1/2 antibody positivity among the children (P = 0.142, P = 0.463 and P = 0.812, respectively). Conclusively, there was no sufficient evidence that age, gender and tribal marks were associated with positivity of HIV-1/2 antibodies among the children studied. This study has been able to add to the information on prevalence of HIV-1/2 antibodies among children in Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria. Education of children on HIV and AIDS should continue.
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  Cite this Reference:
W.F. Sule, I.O. Okonko, O.T. Yusuf, E. Donbraye, A. Fadeyi, A.O. Udeze and J.A. A lli, 2010. HIV-1 and -2 Antibodies among Children in Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria.  Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 2(4): Page No: 170-176.
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