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    Abstract
2010 (Vol. 2, Issue: 4)
Article Information:

HIV-1 and -2 Antibodies among Children in Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria

W.F. Sule, I.O. Okonko, O.T. Yusuf, E. Donbraye, A. Fadeyi, A.O. Udeze and J.A. A lli
Corresponding Author:  Okonko Iheanyi Omezuruike 

Key words:  Children, HIV-1/2 antibodies, risk factors, seropositivity, Nigeria, ,
Vol. 2 , (4): Page No: 170-176
Submitted Accepted Published
2010 February, 07 2010 March, 05 2010 August, 30
Abstract:

This study was carried out to determine the seroreactivity of blood of children attending Kogi Diagnostic and Reference Hospital, Anyigba to HIV-1/2 peptides and to evaluate some of the children’s demographic variables that are associated with anti-HIV-1/2 antibody positivity. We consecutively selected and screened 100 male and female children (aged ≤16 years). Blood sample of each child was screened for HIV-1/2 antibodies using Chembio HIV-1/2 Stat-Pak® and Abbott Determine HIV-1/2® test kits. Only participants that were sero-reactive to the two test kits were identified as seropositive for HIV-1/2 antibodies. The results showed a prevalence rate of 10.0% (n = 100). Risk factors for HIV infection like age, gender, and tribal marks appeared not significantly associated with anti-HIV-1/2 antibody positivity among the children (P = 0.142, P = 0.463 and P = 0.812, respectively). Conclusively, there was no sufficient evidence that age, gender and tribal marks were associated with positivity of HIV-1/2 antibodies among the children studied. This study has been able to add to the information on prevalence of HIV-1/2 antibodies among children in Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria. Education of children on HIV and AIDS should continue.
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  Cite this Reference:
W.F. Sule, I.O. Okonko, O.T. Yusuf, E. Donbraye, A. Fadeyi, A.O. Udeze and J.A. A lli, 2010. HIV-1 and -2 Antibodies among Children in Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria.  Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 2(4): Page No: 170-176.
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