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    Abstract
2013 (Vol. 3, Issue: 3)
Article Information:

Prevalence and Treatment of Ketosis in Dairy Cows in and Around Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Mulat Asrat, Gebre Hiwot Tadesse, Ramaswamy Velappa Gounder and Raja Nagappan
Corresponding Author:  Mulat Asrat 

Key words:  Dairy cows, ketosis, prevalence, Rothera’s test, strip test, ,
Vol. 3 , (3): 26-30
Submitted Accepted Published
May 20, 2013 June 11, 2013 September 25, 2013
Abstract:

Prevalence of ketosis in dairy cows at Genesis farm, Slam farm, Akaki kality farm and Bollie private farm located in and around Addis Ababa, Ethiopia was studied from November 2008 to March 2009. The ketone bodies in urine and milk samples were semi quantified by Rothera’s test and Strip test was used specifically for urine sample. The body temperature, pulse rate, respiratory rate, rumen motility, abnormalities in urine, faeces and milk was recorded. The affected cows were treated with dextrose 50%, or dextrose 25% plus dexamethasone or propylene glycol and dexamethasone. The ketosis prevalence rate was maximum in the month of January (30.77%), in higher age (8-9 years) groups (13.4%), during 1st month of lactation (18.87%) and 4th lactation number (18.8%). The decrease in milk yield from ketosis affected cow ranged from 18.18 to 40%. The cows were administered with dextrose 50% or dextrose 25% plus dexamethasone or propylene glycol and dexamethasone and effective restoration of milk-yield within 3-4 days were recorded. To prevent this metabolic disease, immediate diagnosis and proper treatment of affected cow is essential to restore the milk yield. In addition, veterinary professionals need to give great attention for diagnosis, management and control of this disease during risk stage.
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  Cite this Reference:
Mulat Asrat, Gebre Hiwot Tadesse, Ramaswamy Velappa Gounder and Raja Nagappan, 2013. Prevalence and Treatment of Ketosis in Dairy Cows in and Around Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.  British Journal of Dairy Sciences, 3(3): 26-30.
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ISSN (Online):  2044-2440
ISSN (Print):   2044-2432
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