Home           Contact us           FAQs           
 
   Journal Page   |   Aims & Scope   |   Author Guideline   |   Editorial Board   |   Search
    Abstract
2012 (Vol. 3, Issue: 2)
Article Information:

Therapeutic Potentials and uses of Cannabinoid Agonists in Health and Disease Conditions

A.O. Ibegbu, I. Mullaney, L. Fyfe and D. McBean
Corresponding Author:  A.O. Ibegbu 

Key words:  Cannabis, Cannabinoid, Cannabinoid (CB1) receptor, Cannabinoid (CB2) receptor, Cannabinoid agonist, G-protein coupled receptor,
Vol. 3 , (2): 76-88
Submitted Accepted Published
February 21, 2012 March 16, 2012 April 15, 2012
Abstract:

Cannabis and its derivatives have great therapeutic potential and have been used for centuries for medicinal purposes. The side effects of cannabinoids include euphoric mood changes, acute psychotic episodes, initiation and exacerbation of schizophrenic psychosis in predisposed persons, impaired cognitive and psychomotor performance, tachycardia and hypotension. The production of complex behavioural effects by cannabinoids are mediated by cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) and by interactions with other neurochemical systems. It has been shown that the therapeutic and physiological effects of cannabinoids are dependent upon whether the administration is acute or chronic and on the route of administration. The physiological effects of cannabis and its derivatives include: reduction in psychomotor coordination and performance, alterations in thermoregulation, endocrine and reproductive functions and gut motility. There is also evidence of agonist selectivity for CB1 receptors coupled to different subtypes of Gi proteins or to Gi versus Go proteins. Cannabinoid-activated receptors distinct from CB1 or CB2 exist in the central nervous system. Cannabinoids are known to inhibit GABA-mediated inhibitory postsynaptic currents in the hippocampus via a presynaptic action at CB1 receptors located on GABAergic terminals. CB1 receptors have also been implicated in the inhibition of glutamatergic excitatory postsynaptic currents. The synthetic cannabinoid, Win 55,212-2, a mixed CB1-CB2 cannabinoid receptor agonist, was found to attenuate hyperalgesia in a rat model of neuropathic pain and suppress opioid-induced emesis in ferrets.
Abstract PDF HTML
  Cite this Reference:
A.O. Ibegbu, I. Mullaney, L. Fyfe and D. McBean, 2012. Therapeutic Potentials and uses of Cannabinoid Agonists in Health and Disease Conditions.  British Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology, 3(2): 76-88.
    Advertise with us
 
ISSN (Online):  2044-2467
ISSN (Print):   2044-2459
Submit Manuscript
   Current Information
   Sales & Services
   Contact Information
  Executive Managing Editor
  Email: admin@maxwellsci.com
  Publishing Editor
  Email: support@maxwellsci.com
  Account Manager
  Email: faisalm@maxwellsci.com
  Journal Editor
  Email: admin@maxwellsci.com
  Press Department
  Email: press@maxwellsci.com
Home  |  Contact us  |  About us  |  Privacy Policy
Copyright © 2009. MAXWELL Science Publication, a division of MAXWELLl Scientific Organization. All rights reserved