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2013 (Vol. 4, Issue: 4)
Article Information:

Chemical Constituents of Essential Oil of Lantana camara Linn. Leaves

I.O. Jawonisi and G.I. Adoga
Corresponding Author:  I.O. Jawonisi 

Key words:  (-) -&beta-caryophyllene, (-) -spathulenol, caryophyllene oxide, chemical constituents, D-nerolidol, essential oil, ,
Vol. 4 , (4): 155-157
Submitted Accepted Published
March 02, 2013 April 12, 2013 August 25, 2013
Abstract:

The determination of the chemical profile of essential oil of the leaves of Lantana camara Linn. was undertaken in this study. Essential oil was extracted from the dried leaf sample using hydro distillation method. Gas Chromatograph coupled with Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS) was used for chemical analysis of the extracted essential oil. Eighteen constituents were identified, representing 100% composition of the oil. The constituents were mainly monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes. The major constituents were found to be caryophllene oxide (21.75%), (-) -spathulenol (14.95%), D-nerolidol (10.39%) and (-) -&beta-caryophyllene (9.90%). The yield of essential oil obtained was 0.19%. Some of the identified constituents of the essential oil have proven pharmacological activities, uses in food, drink and cosmetic industries. The essential oil of L. camara leaves is worth exploiting for use by relevant industries.
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  Cite this Reference:
I.O. Jawonisi and G.I. Adoga, 2013. Chemical Constituents of Essential Oil of Lantana camara Linn. Leaves.  British Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology, 4(4): 155-157.
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ISSN (Online):  2044-2467
ISSN (Print):   2044-2459
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