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    Abstract
2013 (Vol. 4, Issue: 6)
Article Information:

Protective Effect of Penta-acetyl Geniposide on Acute Liver Injury Induced By D-galactosamine in Mice

Hong Zhang, Tianlu Shi, Jing Wang, Rong Li and Wenjian Tang
Corresponding Author:  Tianlu Shi 

Key words:  Antioxidative effect, D-galactosamine, gardenia, liver injury, penta-acetyl geniposide, ,
Vol. 4 , (6): 256-261
Submitted Accepted Published
August 24, 2013 September 03, 2013 December 25, 2013
Abstract:

Penta-acetyl geniposide ((Ac)5 GP), an herbal derivative prepared from Gardenia Fructus geniposide, decreased the DNA damage and hepatocarcinogenesis induced by aflatoxin B1 1 (AFB1). The present study was carried out to further evaluate the protective effect of (Ac)5 GP on liver injury induced by D-galactosamine (D-GalN). D-GalN (400 mg/kg) was given to mice by intraperitoneal injection, while (Ac)5 GP were orally administered by gastric gavage. Spectrophotometrical method was used to measure activities of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in serum and superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), malondialdehyde (MDA) in hepatic tissue. Hepatic histological structure was observed under light microscopy. The features of acute liver injury were observed in D-GalN-treated mice. (Ac)5 GP, similar to silymarin, decreased the elevated serum levels of ALT, AST and MDA and increased the reduced activities of SOD and GSH-Px induced by D-GalN. (Ac)5 GP was also showed to be more effective than GP in reversing these abnormal changes and the levels of (Ac)5GP on MDA and SOD showed a dose-effect relationship. These biochemical observations were also supplemented by histopathological observations of the liver sections. It was concluded from the results that (Ac)5 GP can produce protective effect on acute liver injury induced by D-GalN via an antioxidative mechanism. Therefore,(Ac)5 may be developed as an efficient hepato-protective agent.
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  Cite this Reference:
Hong Zhang, Tianlu Shi, Jing Wang, Rong Li and Wenjian Tang , 2013. Protective Effect of Penta-acetyl Geniposide on Acute Liver Injury Induced By D-galactosamine in Mice.  British Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology, 4(6): 256-261.
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