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2010 (Vol. 2, Issue: 2)
Article Information:

Effects of Demographic Characteristics on Neonatal, Post neonatal, Infant and Child Mortality

H.C. Quamrul, Rafiqul Islam and Kamal Hossain
Corresponding Author:  Rafiqul Islam 

Key words:  Chi-square (χ2) test, demographic factors, infant and child mortality rate, logistic regression analysis, neonatal, post-neonatal,
Vol. 2 , (2): Page No: 132-138
Submitted Accepted Published
2009 December, 18 2010 January, 06 2010 March, 10
Abstract:

The majority of the developing countries in the world have been given highest priority for reducing child mortality in the first few years of life (less than five years child). Bangladesh has also taken especial care for reducing infant and child mortality. The purpose of this study was to detect demographic factors that responsible for neonatal, post-neonatal, infant and child mortality. Infant and Child mortality rates (it was calculated as the number of neonatal, posts-neonatal, infant and child deaths per 1000 live births), Contingency analysis and Logistic regression procedures have been applied. The result show ed that Neonatal M ortality Rate (NNMR), Post-eonatal Mortality Rate (PNNMR), Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) and Child Mortality Rate (CMR) were found to be higher in mothers who were married before 15 years of age, in motherís late duration of marriage age 15+ years, in mothers group who didnít feed their baby. The Chi-square (χ2) test result implied that age at marriage, interval between last and previous child and breastfeeding were highly significantly associated with neonatal, post-neonatal mortality. Logistic results indicated the important predictors that have significant influence on neonatal mortality such as breast feeding practice but in post-neonatal period, duration of marriage, order of birth and birth interval have significant effects and on infant and child mortality, age at marriage, duration of marriage, birth interval and birth order and breast feeding have significant influence. This study suggests that age at marriage; birth interval and breast-feeding practice of women should be improved not only in the community levels but also in Bangladesh for reducing infant and child mortality.
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  Cite this Reference:
H.C. Quamrul, Rafiqul Islam and Kamal Hossain, 2010. Effects of Demographic Characteristics on Neonatal, Post neonatal, Infant and Child Mortality.  Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences, 2(2): Page No: 132-138.
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ISSN (Online):  2041-0778
ISSN (Print):   2041-076X
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