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2009 (Vol. 1, Issue: 1)
Article Information:

Global Food and Energy Crises: The Need for Sustainable Food Security and Renewable Energy Programmes in Nigeria

F. A. Sowunmi, A. D. Odedeji and V.O. Akinyosoye
Corresponding Author:  Fatai Abiola Sowunmi 

Key words:  Energy Crisis, Renewable Energy, Global Warming, Biofuel and Food Security, , ,
Vol. 1 , (1): Page no: 15-23
Submitted Accepted Published
Abstract:

The study examines the need for sustainable food security and renewable energy programmes in Nigeria bearing in mind the global energy and food crises. While the global energy crisis centred on fuel crisis (price increase), Nigeria’s energy crisis is a combination of fuel and electricity crises. Annual crude oil production and annual average price of crude oil per barrel significantly influenced the output of major agricultural product (p<0.05). Increase in demand for fuel and Middle East Political problem are found to be the major reasons for global oil crisis. The study showed that fuel crisis in Nigeria can also be attributed to poor state of refineries, Niger Delta crisis, and pipeline vandalization among others. Causes of electricity crisis include corruption, over reliance on hydroelectricity and poor maintenance. On the other hand, the study revealed that global food crisis is caused by bio-fuel, global warming and energy crisis. Apart from these reasons; over - reliance on imported food (e.g. rice), poor infrastructural facilities (road, electricity, storage etc.) and over-dependence on oil are other identified causes of food crisis in Nigeria. The effects of these crises are manifested in rising cost of production and food prices - a threat to food security and poverty reduction. Increased food production, infrastructural development, use of green and organic manure to reduce high demand for chemical fertilizers and pesticides are suggested solutions to food crisis while energy conservation strategies and development of alternative sources of electricity (solar and wind) are some of the proffered solutions to energy crisis.
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  Cite this Reference:
F. A. Sowunmi, A. D. Odedeji and V.O. Akinyosoye, 2009. Global Food and Energy Crises: The Need for Sustainable Food Security and Renewable Energy Programmes in Nigeria.  Current Research Journal of Social Sciences, 1(1): Page no: 15-23.
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ISSN (Online):  2041-3246
ISSN (Print):   2041-3238
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