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2013 (Vol. 5, Issue: 1)
Article Information:

Estrogen and Growth Hormone and their Roles in Reproductive Function

Hüseyin Baki ÇİFTCİ
Corresponding Author:  Hüseyin Baki ÇİFTCİ 

Key words:  Estrogen, growth, hormone, ovary, reproduction, testis,
Vol. 5 , (1): 21-28
Submitted Accepted Published
December 12, 2012 January 23, 2013 February 20, 2013
Abstract:

The aim of this study was to review the effect of estrogen on growth hormone secretion and the roles of estrogen and growth hormone in reproductive function. Estrogen is the main hormone affecting growth, development, maturation and functioning of reproductive tract as well as the sexual differentiation and the behavior. Growth hormone is also important factor in sexual maturation and attainment of puberty. The impact of estrogen on growth hormone secretion has been reported in rodents and primates. However, the precise mechanism for the alterations in growth hormone secretion is not clearly known. Estrogen may possibility have a direct affect on growth hormone secretion via the binding to estrogen receptor-α due to its co-expression in growth hormone neurons in the medial preoptic area and arcuate nucleus. Estrogen may also have an indirect effect via the reducing insulin-like growth factor-1 feedback inhibition resulting with increased growth hormone secretion.
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  Cite this Reference:
Hüseyin Baki ÇİFTCİ, 2013. Estrogen and Growth Hormone and their Roles in Reproductive Function.  International Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 5(1): 21-28.
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ISSN (Online):  2041-2908
ISSN (Print):   2041-2894
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