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2013 (Vol. 5, Issue: 2)
Article Information:

Transition Period and Immunosuppression: Critical Period of Dairy Cattle Reproduction

K. Simenew and M. Wondu
Corresponding Author:  K. Simenew 

Key words:  Dairy cattle, immunosuppression, nutritional management, reproductive performance, transition period, ,
Vol. 5 , (2): 44-57
Submitted Accepted Published
August 21, 2012 September 17, 2012 April 20, 2013
Abstract:

This seminar study is prepared on the objectives of: revising important aspects of transition period of dairy cattle and highlighting some potential areas of research and challenges for the future. It has sufficiently been discussed that improved understanding of this frontier of the biology, immunology, nutrition and management of cows during the transition period will provide the largest gains in productivity and profitability of dairy farms. In the manuscript under each specific topic, transition cow program and reproductive performance, immunosuppressant effect of transition period, early predictors of disorders and major abnormalities are discussed in an informative way. Future potential areas of research and possible challenges are also indicated briefly. Finally, it is concluded that despite decades of research in the area of transition cow health and management the high incidence of health disorders around calving continues to negatively affect milk production and reproductive performance; and as recommendation, implementing a transition nutrition program with the help of nutritionists can help dairy herd avoid most of the costly problems and molecular level research studies should get due attention to further understand the situation and devise proper intervention techniques.
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  Cite this Reference:
K. Simenew and M. Wondu, 2013. Transition Period and Immunosuppression: Critical Period of Dairy Cattle Reproduction.  International Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 5(2): 44-57.
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ISSN (Online):  2041-2908
ISSN (Print):   2041-2894
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