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2013 (Vol. 5, Issue: 3)
Article Information:

Hypoglycemic Activity of Methanolic Fruit Pulp Extract of Adansonia digitata on Blood Glucose Levels of Alloxan Induced Diabetic Rats

Mohammad Yalwa Gwarzo and Hauwa’u Yakubu Bako
Corresponding Author:  Mohammad Yalwa Gwarzo 

Key words:  Adansonia digitata , alloxan, hypoglycemic activity, phytochemicals, , ,
Vol. 5 , (3): 108-113
Submitted Accepted Published
January 05, 2013 May 07, 2013 June 20, 2013
Abstract:

This study was carried out to evaluate the hypoglycemic properties of the methanolic extract of Adansonia digitata fruit pulp on blood glucose. Forty eight of the rats were randomly distributed into six. Group one served as the normal control and Group two rats were administered with alloxan (150 mg/kg) intraperitoneally and served as the diabetic control. Groups 3, 4 and 5 were intraperitoneally administered with alloxan (150 mg/kg) and orally administered with methanolic extract of Adansonia digitata fruit pulp (100, 200 and 300 mg/kg) once daily for 4weeks. Group six rats were intraperitoneally administered with alloxan (150 mg/kg) and orally administered with chlorpropamide (84 mg/kg) once daily for 4 weeks. The serum concentration of glucose of all the rats in each group was determined after the 14th and 28th dose of treatment. There was significant (p<0.001) reduction of serum glucose in the three groups of rats administered with methanolic extract of fruit pulp at second and fourth week of the treatment. The group of animal treated with chlorpropamide (84 mg/kg) also showed significant (p<0.001) reduction of serum glucose compared to most effective dose of the methanolic extract (300 mg/kg) during the second and fourth week of the treatment. The result of qualitative phytochemical analysis of methanolic extract of Adansonia digitata fruit pulp indicated the presence of glycosides, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, terpenoids and steroids. This result suggests that the methanolic fruit pulp extract of Adansonia digitata possess antidiabetic effect on alloxan induced diabetic rats.
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  Cite this Reference:
Mohammad Yalwa Gwarzo and Hauwa’u Yakubu Bako, 2013. Hypoglycemic Activity of Methanolic Fruit Pulp Extract of Adansonia digitata on Blood Glucose Levels of Alloxan Induced Diabetic Rats.  International Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 5(3): 108-113.
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ISSN (Online):  2041-2908
ISSN (Print):   2041-2894
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