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2011 (Vol. 3, Issue: 12)
Article Information:

Study of Mechanical Properties of Composite Materials Made from Palm Fruit Fibre and Sawdust

E.K. Sosu, F. Hasford and A.B.C. Dadson
Corresponding Author:  Edem Kwabla Sosu  

Key words:  Briquette, composite, fracture load and fibre, Hooke’s law, Young’s Modulus, ,
Vol. 3 , (12): 1441-1444
Submitted Accepted Published
2011 August, 08 2011 September, 25 2011 December, 26
Abstract:

To study the possibility of using a composite material made from palm fruit fibre and sawdust as a building material, the modulus of elasticity, fracture load and the maximum deflection of mahogany sawdust and palm fruit fibre-kotolyn veneer composites have been determined using the static bending test. The sawdust particles were sieved into different particle sizes (d): coarse (1.1 mm≤d≤4.8 mm), medium (0.8 mm≤d≤1.1 mm) and fine (d≤0.8 mm). Briquettes were made from the sawdust of approximately same particle sizes mixed with palm fibre in different weights proportions, using ‘wood’ glue as a binder. The briquettes were then sandwiched between two pieces of Kotolyn veneer to form the composites. They were then subjected to bending tests. The composite materials made from 100wt% of coarse size sawdust recorded the highest fracture load and modulus of elasticity of 48.00×102 N and 2.23× 106 Nm-2, respectively. Among the composites containing both fibre and sawdust, the 90% wt coarse size-10 wt% fibre recorded the highest fracture load and modulus of elasticity of 30.90×102 N and 1.07×106 Nm-2. Mechanical strength of the composite decreased with decreasing fibre content. The maximum deflection, however, increased with increasing fibre content. The incorporation of fibre into the sawdust briquettes introduces some degree of flexibility into the composite materials with a decrease in the strength and doesn’t make good building material but can be used for domestic finishing’s.
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  Cite this Reference:
E.K. Sosu, F. Hasford and A.B.C. Dadson, 2011. Study of Mechanical Properties of Composite Materials Made from Palm Fruit Fibre and Sawdust.  Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 3(12): 1441-1444.
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ISSN (Online):  2040-7467
ISSN (Print):   2040-7459
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