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2012 (Vol. 4, Issue: 13)
Article Information:

Forage Quality Analysis of Dactylic glomerata, Onobrychis sativa and Setaria galauca in North of Iran by Different Methods

Hamid Reza Gharehshekhlou, Behrouz Rasouli, Ali Ahmad Ghotbi and Bahram Amiri
Corresponding Author:  Behrouz Rasouli 

Key words:  Chemical analysis, gas production, nutritive value, range plant, , ,
Vol. 4 , (13): 1962-1966
Submitted Accepted Published
February 24, 2012 March 16, 2012 July 01, 2012
Abstract:

This study was done to measure the nutritional value of three range plants (Dactylic glomerata, Onobrychis sativa and Setaria galauca) as ruminant food that were collected completely random from north of Iran (Guilan). Chemical analysis and in vitro gas production technique were used as the base for that evaluation. The chemical composition in term of ash, Ether Extract (EE), Crude Protein (CP), Acid Detergent Fiber (ADF), Neutral Detergent Fiber (NDF), Non Fibrous Carbohydrates (NFC), Nitrogen Free Extract (NFE), Crude Fiber (CF) and Organic Material (OM) were significantly (p<0.05) varies among D. glomerata, O. sativa and S. galauca. CP was ranged from 8% (S. galauca) to 24% (O. sativa) and ADF from 37.8% (O. sativa) to 67.45% (S. galauca). Gas produced from fermentable fraction (b) and the potential gas production (a+b) were significantly (p<0.01) higher in D. glomerata 68.53 and 63.85 mL, respectively, 66.09 and 63.39 mL, respectively for O. sativa and 49.5 and 47.4 mL, respectively for S. galauca. This is due to their high content of CP and low content of ADF. Therefore, according to the potential gas production performance D. glomerata were ranked higher than the two other plants. The higher values obtained for the potential gas production in the D. glomerata and O. sativa will indicate a better nutrient availability for rumen microorganisms. Most of chemical compositions were significantly correlated with gas production characteristics, ash and ADF were correlated negatively with gas produced from fermentable part fraction (b) and the potential gas production (a+b), while CP and ash were correlated positively but EE and ADF were correlated negatively.
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  Cite this Reference:
Hamid Reza Gharehshekhlou, Behrouz Rasouli, Ali Ahmad Ghotbi and Bahram Amiri, 2012. Forage Quality Analysis of Dactylic glomerata, Onobrychis sativa and Setaria galauca in North of Iran by Different Methods.  Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 4(13): 1962-1966.
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ISSN (Online):  2040-7467
ISSN (Print):   2040-7459
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