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2012 (Vol. 4, Issue: 16)
Article Information:

Investigation Energy and Economic Analysis of Three Varieties Rice Production in North of Iran

Fazlollah Eskandari Cherati, Soheila Kamyab, Mohammad Shekofteh and Ayob Amraei
Corresponding Author:  Fazlollah Eskandari Cherati 

Key words:  Economic analyze, energy productivity, Iran, rice, , ,
Vol. 4 , (16): 2666-2671
Submitted Accepted Published
March 05, 2012 March 16, 2012 August 15, 2012
Abstract:

The aim of this study is to consider the energy consuming process and factors influencing three varieties rice production (Tarom, Khazar, Neda) under semi-mechanized and traditional systems, to investigate the energy consumption and economic analysis of rice in Mazandaran Province of Iran. Data used in this study were obtained from 63 farmers using a face to face questionnaire method, in farming year of 2011. The results showed that the highest total energy of labor requirements for Tarom variety rice production in Traditional and semi-mechanized systems, respectively, 2148.3 and 1547.1 MJ/ha was calculated. The Khazar and Neda varieties because of suitable genetic specifications have higher output energy in compared with Tarom local variety. Highest output energy with averages 183991.5 and 237701.70 Mj/ha of semi-mechanized system for Khazar and Neda varieties and also 161912.30 and 209173.50 Mj/ha for traditional system. The highest energy ratio of rice production was for Neda variety in traditional methods and semi-mechanized, respectively 7.03 and 7.95. The highest Energy Productivity (EP) of grain for both traditional and semi-mechanized cultivation systems was for Neda variety, that respectively, 0.20 and 0.22 kg/Mj. The highest Net energy gain was for Neda variety in traditional and semi mechanized systems, respectively, 179.42 and 207.82 GJ/ha that has been calculated. Highest income of rice production with 10834 $/ha (semi-mechanized system) and 9215 $/ha (traditional system) observed in Neda variety. Highest profit of rice production with 10039 $/ha (semimechanized system) and 8636 $/ha (traditional system) observed in Neda variety and so According to the results of this research and studying the energy and economic analysis, that the condition of the management of energy consumption in producing Neda varieties are more suitable and according to the need of country about producing rice.
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  Cite this Reference:
Fazlollah Eskandari Cherati, Soheila Kamyab, Mohammad Shekofteh and Ayob Amraei, 2012. Investigation Energy and Economic Analysis of Three Varieties Rice Production in North of Iran.  Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 4(16): 2666-2671.
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ISSN (Online):  2040-7467
ISSN (Print):   2040-7459
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