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2013 (Vol. 5, Issue: 04)
Article Information:

Pipelined Viterbi Decoder Using FPGA

Nayel Al-Zubi
Corresponding Author:  Nayel Al-Zubi 

Key words:  Convolutional encoding, FPGA, pipelined, Viterbi decoder, , ,
Vol. 5 , (04): 1362-1372
Submitted Accepted Published
July 05, 2012 August 08, 2012 February 01, 2013
Abstract:

Convolutional encoding is used in almost all digital communication systems to get better gain in BER (Bit Error Rate), and all applications needs high throughput rate. The Viterbi algorithm is the solution in decoding process. The nonlinear and feedback nature of the Viterbi decoder makes its high speed implementation harder. One of promising approaches to get high throughput in the Viterbi decoder is to introduce a pipelining. This work applies a carry-save technique, which gets the advantage that the critical path in the ACS feedback becomes in one direction and get rid of carry ripple in the “Add” part of ACS unit. In this simulation and implementation show how this technique will improve the throughput of the Viterbi decoder. The design complexities for the bit-pipelined architecture are evaluated and demonstrated using Verilog HDL simulation. And a general algorithm in software that simulates a Viterbi Decoder was developed. Our research is concerned with implementation of the Viterbi Decoders for Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA). Generally FPGA's are slower than custom integrated circuits but can be configured in the lab in few hours as compared to fabrication which takes few months. The design implemented using Verilog HDL and synthesized for Xilinx FPGA's.
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  Cite this Reference:
Nayel Al-Zubi, 2013. Pipelined Viterbi Decoder Using FPGA.  Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 5(04): 1362-1372.
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ISSN (Online):  2040-7467
ISSN (Print):   2040-7459
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