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2013 (Vol. 5, Issue: 04)
Article Information:

Application of Mathematical Model of Evacuation for Large Stadium Building

Bing Zhang
Corresponding Author:  Bing Zhang 

Key words:  Evacuation, large flow, mathematical model, stadium, , ,
Vol. 5 , (04): 1432-1440
Submitted Accepted Published
July 17, 2012 August 28, 2012 February 01, 2013
Abstract:

The statistics of sports arena accidents show that the main reasons which leading to crowd stampede are the exports blockage and the poor surrounding transportations. In the process of evacuation, the most common problem is that there are a large number of people are stranded and also they are the main carrier which leading to crowded stampede. With large amounts of data and reasonable evaluations on staffs and transportation instruments. We propose inflow model in the crowding state, principle of maximum flow on channel design, optimal model of vehicle parking, evacuation model of subways and buses, according to sections of evacuation in stadiums. We analyze their usage area, marginal conditions and real data. Finally, we get some valuable results, which are curves of density and flow, evacuation time, formula for channel design, optimal parking design and formulas for evacuation time of subways and buses. Such data suits the real data from varied references. With the help of models and results, we get the total time of evacuation, simulation of progress and give parts of real situations of evacuation. According to such results, 100000 people’s evacuation can be finished in about 45 min. On such basis, we propose some optimal plans for stadium and its surroundings building.
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  Cite this Reference:
Bing Zhang, 2013. Application of Mathematical Model of Evacuation for Large Stadium Building.  Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 5(04): 1432-1440.
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ISSN (Online):  2040-7467
ISSN (Print):   2040-7459
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