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2013 (Vol. 6, Issue: 08)
Article Information:

Inorganic Salts Effect on Adsorption Behavior of Surfactant AEC at Liquid/Liquid Interface

Changhua Yang, Weimin Lin, Qing Wang, Baolun Niu and Xiujuan He
Corresponding Author:  Changhua Yang 

Key words:  Dodecane/water interface, interfacial tension, molecular dynamics simulation, surfactant AEC, , ,
Vol. 6 , (08): 1424-1427
Submitted Accepted Published
October 12, 2012 December 06, 2012 July 10, 2013
Abstract:

Behaviors of nonionic-anionic surfactant sodium fatty Alcohol polyoxyethylene Ether Carboxylate (AEC) at dodecane/water interface influenced by inorganic salts NaCl, CaCl2 and MgCl2 were investigated by interfacial tension methods and molecular dynamics simulation. Contrasted distributions of various salts at interface and in aqueous solutions and resulting lowering the interfacial tension have been observed. Composition of surfactants-salts complex at interface surrounding different cations within 2.5 were found to be in two categories: (i) the octahedral complexation of divalent cation was generated by the participation of surfactant head group and water molecule, (ii) only water molecules were involved in the complexation. According to the simulation results, all the Na+ involved in type ii, without any direct interaction with surfactant head group, while Ca2+ and Mg2+ involved in type I, following the formula: Ca2++4 (surfactant) +2(H2 O)⇄ [Ca (surfactant)4 [(H2 O)]2]2+ M2+g+(surfactant)+5 (H2 O)⇄[Mg (surfactant) [(H2 O)]5 ]2+ This strongly chelate interaction between Ca2+ and surfactants makes surfactants more stretched at interface, thus more effective in oil/water interface.
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  Cite this Reference:
Changhua Yang, Weimin Lin, Qing Wang, Baolun Niu and Xiujuan He, 2013. Inorganic Salts Effect on Adsorption Behavior of Surfactant AEC at Liquid/Liquid Interface.  Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 6(08): 1424-1427.
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ISSN (Online):  2040-7467
ISSN (Print):   2040-7459
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