Home           Contact us           FAQs           
     Journal Home     |     Aim & Scope    |    Author(s) Information      |     Editorial Board     |     MSP Download Statistics
2013 (Vol. 6, Issue: 16)
Article Information:

A Conceptual Framework for the Integration of 21st Century Skills in Biology Education

Lee Chuo Hiong and Kamisah Osman
Corresponding Author:  Kamisah Osman 

Key words:  BTEM (Biology, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics), inquiry-based learning, interdisciplinary, problem-based learning, 21st century skills, ,
Vol. 6 , (16): 2976-2983
Submitted Accepted Published
January 08, 2013 January 31, 2013 September 10, 2013

The main objective of this study is to propose the conceptual framework for the integration of 21st century skills in biology education in Malaysia. An interdisciplinary approach for Biology, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (BTEM) is suggested to imbibe 21st century skills into the existing Biology curriculum. Solving complex and interdisciplinary worldwide biology problems will require students to understand what connections exist across disciplines and how to make those connections. BTEM allows students to master biological knowledge and at the same time to be adroit in other sub disciplinary skills. The main teaching and learning strategies that apply in the BTEM subjects are problem-based learning and inquiry-based learning which require the coordination of both knowledge and skills simultaneously. This is intended to enhance the students’ abilities to construct their own knowledge through the relevant hands-on and minds-on activities. The essence of engineering is production of design for the inventive problem solving. Integrating advanced information communication technologies such as e-tools and World Wide Web resources are believed to be able to fulfil the learning style needs of the current ‘Net Generation’. Mathematics plays an important role providing computational tools for biology and engineering, especially in analysing data. The expected outcomes of BTEM implementation are the inculcation of 21st century skills digital literacy, inventive thinking, effective communication, high productivity, spiritual and noble values in Malaysian students.
Abstract PDF HTML
  Cite this Reference:
Lee Chuo Hiong and Kamisah Osman, 2013. A Conceptual Framework for the Integration of 21st Century Skills in Biology Education.  Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 6(16): 2976-2983.
    Advertise with us
ISSN (Online):  2040-7467
ISSN (Print):   2040-7459
Submit Manuscript
   Current Information
   Sales & Services
Home  |  Contact us  |  About us  |  Privacy Policy
Copyright © 2015. MAXWELL Scientific Publication Corp., All rights reserved