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2014 (Vol. 7, Issue: 1)
Article Information:

Development of Low Cost Adsorbent from Cow Horn for the Biosorption of Mn (II), Ni (II) and Cd (II) Ion from Aqueous Solution

Jimoh. O. Tijani, Mercy. T. Bankole, Musa Muriana and Idowu. O. Falana
Corresponding Author:  Jimoh. O. Tijani 

Key words:  Aqueous solution, bio sorption, cow horn, isotherm, metal ions, thermodynamics,
Vol. 7 , (1): 9-17
Submitted Accepted Published
December 17, 2012 January 23, 2013 January 01, 2014
Abstract:

Development of low cost adsorbent from cow horn for the biosorption of Mn (II), Ni (II) and Cd (II) ion aqueous solution was carried out by batch adsorption experiment at 32C. Parameters such as pH, contact time, metal ion concentrations as well as temperature were monitored. The residual concentration of Mn (II), Ni (II) and Cd (II) were determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The results revealed that maximum Ni (II) and Cd (II) ion removal occurred at pH of 6 while Mn (II) ion occurred at pH of 7 respectively. Langmuir and Temkin adsorption isotherm were used to describe the equilibrium data. The equilibrium data fitted well to Langmuir isotherm than Temkin isotherm. Thermodynamic investigation showed that standard Gibbs free energy (∆G˚) was positive indicating the feasibility and non-spontaneous of the process. The positive value of standard Enthalpy (∆H˚) implies that the reaction was endothermic and the negative standard Entropy (∆S˚) signifies decrease in the randomness at the solid/solution interface of the adsorbent during the adsorption process. The kinetic study revealed that adsorption of Mn (II), Ni (II) and Cd (II) could be best described by pseudo-second model. This study demonstrated that adsorbent developed from cow horn could be used as an alternative to commercial activated carbon in the removal of Mn (II), Ni (II) and Cd (II) ions from aqueous solution.
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  Cite this Reference:
Jimoh. O. Tijani, Mercy. T. Bankole, Musa Muriana and Idowu. O. Falana, 2014. Development of Low Cost Adsorbent from Cow Horn for the Biosorption of Mn (II), Ni (II) and Cd (II) Ion from Aqueous Solution.  Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 7(1): 9-17.
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ISSN (Online):  2040-7467
ISSN (Print):   2040-7459
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