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2014 (Vol. 7, Issue: 1)
Article Information:

Analysis of Fourth Stage of Automatic Depressurization System Failure to Open in AP1000 LOCA

Zhao Guozhi, Cao Xinrong and Shi Xingwei
Corresponding Author:  Zhao Guozhi 

Key words:  ADS, core melts, IRWST, LOCA, passive safety, ,
Vol. 7 , (1): 18-22
Submitted Accepted Published
December 23, 2012 January 25, 2013 January 01, 2014

Automatic Depressurization System (ADS) is a very important part of passive core cooling system in passive safety nuclear plant AP1000. ADS have four stages with each stage having two series and only ADS4 utilizes squib valves. During the accident, emergency core injecting is realized by gravity driven passive safety injection system like makeup tank (CMT), accumulator and In-Containment Refueling Water Storage Tank (IRWST). The objective e of this study is to analyze the system response and phenomenon under part of failure of ADS in AP1000 LOCA. The plant model is built by using SCDAP/RELAP5/MOD 3.4 code. The chosen accident scenario is small and medium LOCAs followed by failure of ADS4 to open, whose location is different from the other three stages. The results indicate that long time core cooling from IRWST is postponed greatly through intentional depressurization only by ADS1, 2, 3. In addition, LOCAs with equivalent diameter 25.4 cm and 34.1 cm will not lead to core melt while 5.08 cm break LOCA will. Meanwhile, high water level in the pressurizer will appear during all of three LOCAs.
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  Cite this Reference:
Zhao Guozhi, Cao Xinrong and Shi Xingwei, 2014. Analysis of Fourth Stage of Automatic Depressurization System Failure to Open in AP1000 LOCA.  Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 7(1): 18-22.
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ISSN (Online):  2040-7467
ISSN (Print):   2040-7459
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