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2014 (Vol. 7, Issue: 7)
Article Information:

Taguchi Orthogonal Array Based Parameter Optimization of Biodiesel Production from Fish Oil using Ultrasonic Energy

P. Arul Franco, N. Shenbaga Vinayaga Moorthi and D. Stanly Thomas
Corresponding Author:  P. Arul Franco 

Key words:  Biodiesel, fish oil, Taguchi method, transesterification, , ,
Vol. 7 , (7): 1406-1411
Submitted Accepted Published
May 01, 2013 June 11, 2013 February 20, 2014
Abstract:

The aim of this study is to investigate the application of ultrasonic energy-assisted biodiesel production process from fish oil catalyzed by KOH at different conditions. The optimization of reaction parameters, such as molar ratio of methanol to oil, catalyst concentration and reaction time, on the transesterification for the production of fish oil methyl ester has been studied. The Taguchi method with an L 9 orthogonal array was implemented to optimize the reaction parameters. The optimal experimental conditions obtained from this study were molar ratio of 9:1, catalyst concentration of 1.5% by Wt. and a reaction time of 30 min. According to Taguchi method, the molar ratio contributed the most important role in the yield of fish oil methyl ester. Validations of the model were done by conducting laboratory experiments. Ultrasonic energy assisted biodiesel production process was proved to be an energy efficient and economically feasible process to produce biodiesel.
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  Cite this Reference:
P. Arul Franco, N. Shenbaga Vinayaga Moorthi and D. Stanly Thomas, 2014. Taguchi Orthogonal Array Based Parameter Optimization of Biodiesel Production from Fish Oil using Ultrasonic Energy.  Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 7(7): 1406-1411.
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ISSN (Online):  2040-7467
ISSN (Print):   2040-7459
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