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2014 (Vol. 7, Issue: 8)
Article Information:

Comparison of Acoustic Characteristics of Date Palm Fibre and Oil Palm Fibre

Lamyaa Abd ALRahman, Raja Ishak Raja, Roslan Abdul Rahman and Zawawi Ibrahim
Corresponding Author:  Lamyaa Abd ALRahman 

Key words:  Acoustic absorption coefficient, date palm fibre, density, oil palm fibre, thickness, ,
Vol. 7 , (8): 1656-1661
Submitted Accepted Published
June 11, 2012 June 25, 2013 February 27, 2014
Abstract:

This study investigated and compared the acoustic characteristics of two natural organic fibres: date palm fibre and oil palm fibre, these materials eligible for acoustical absorption. During the processing stage, both fibre sheets are treated with latex. The two fibres are compressed after latex treatment Circular samples (100 mm in diameter and 28 mm, based on the measurement tube requirements) are cut out of the sheets. The density of the date palm fibre sheet is 150 kg/m3 for a 50 mm thickness and 130 kg/m3 for a 30 mm thickness. In contrast, the density of oil palm fibre is 75 kg/m3 for a 50 mm thickness and 65 kg/m3 for a 30 mm thickness. An impedance tube was used to test the thicknesses of both samples based on international standards. The results show that the date palm fibre exhibits two Acoustic Absorption Coefficient (AAC) peaks: 0.93 at 1356 Hz and 0.99 at 4200-4353 Hz for the 50-mm-thick sample. In contrast, the 30-mm-thick sample has a single AAC peak of 0.83 at 2381.38-2809.38 Hz. However, the 50-mm-thick oil palm fibre has an AAC peak of 0.75 at 1946.88-2178.13 Hz and the 30-mm-thick oil palm fibre has an acoustic absorption coefficient peak 0.59 at 3225-3712.5 Hz. Thus, the date palm fibre has a higher acoustic absorption coefficient for high and low frequencies than does oil palm fibre. Both fibres are promising for use as sound absorber materials to protect against environmental noise pollution.
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  Cite this Reference:
Lamyaa Abd ALRahman, Raja Ishak Raja, Roslan Abdul Rahman and Zawawi Ibrahim, 2014. Comparison of Acoustic Characteristics of Date Palm Fibre and Oil Palm Fibre.  Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 7(8): 1656-1661.
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ISSN (Online):  2040-7467
ISSN (Print):   2040-7459
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