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2011 (Vol. 3, Issue: 6)
Article Information:

Factors and Processes of Coastal Zone Development in Nigeria: A Review

P.C. Mmom and G.O. Chukwu-Okeah
Corresponding Author:  Gift Chukwu-Okeah 

Key words:  Coastal zone, development, environment, factors and processes, policies, sustainable development,
Vol. 3 , (6): 625-632
Submitted Accepted Published
2011 March, 30 2011 May, 10 2011 November, 10
Abstract:

Over the years the issue of coastal zone development has been of great concern especially in the face of global climate change. This has been motivated by the polluted state of the coastal zones which have given rise to high mortality of aquatic animals, Contaminations of human lathered, impairment of human health, Loss of biodiversity in breeding grounds, Vegetation destruction and other ecological hazards, Loss of portable and industrial water resources, Reduction in fishing activities, Poverty, rural underdevelopment and bitterness within the coastal communities. The coastal zone, which is land-sea interface is one of the most complex areas of management being the home to an increasing number of activities, rights and interests, its unplanned and uncontrolled development has the real potential to damage the social, economic and environmental interests of the residents within this area, each state and territory and each region or unit of local government. The paper identified three factors and processes that needs to be considered in the development of coastal zones. The findings of this review explains that in Nigeria, no policy is in place with relation to coastal zone development and management as a sector rather coastal zone issues are imbedded in the national policy on environment arising from this, there are no specific outline on the development of the coastal zone, the policy does not specify issues and concepts that houses the coastal zone, it does not capture the need for protecting the lives of the inhabitants of the coastal communities noting the nature of the terrain, it also does not take into cognizance the problems associated with the area and it is wide open without any particular organization saddled with the responsibility of coastal zone development. It also identified that due to the limitations in the policy of Nigeria on environment which did not capture specific items that relates to coastal zone development as well as management, this zone that is uniquely sensitive and vulnerable have been left without any form of coordination allowing for excessive use of coastal resources at the expense of the environment.
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  Cite this Reference:
P.C. Mmom and G.O. Chukwu-Okeah, 2011. Factors and Processes of Coastal Zone Development in Nigeria: A Review.  Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, 3(6): 625-632.
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