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2012 (Vol. 4, Issue: 03)
Article Information:

Atmospheric Movement of Bacteria and Fungi in Clouds of Dust in Erbil City, Iraq

Adel Kamal Khider, Jwan Jalal Abdullah and Fareed Matti Toma
Corresponding Author:  Adel Kamal Khider 

Key words:  Bacteria, dust, Erbil, fungi, Iraq, microbial transport,
Vol. 4 , (03): 303-307
Submitted Accepted Published
2011 November, 25 2011 December, 18 2012 March, 01

In this study monthly aerosol samples collected at Erbil city, Iraq, throughout 2008-2009 yielded significant concentration of viable (culture forming) bacteria and fungi only when the dust was present. The results indicated the concentration of total bacteria was ranged from 3104 to 36106 CFU/g, and concentration of fungi varied a wide range from 6103 to 36103 CFU/g. The dominant group of bacteria isolated from the dust was Pseudomonas 25.6%, including P. corrugate, P. diminuta, P. marginata and P. agaramicus, followed by Zanthomonas 17.9%, including Z. orgzae, Staphylococcus 12.8%, including S. xylosus, S. epidermidis, S. homonis and S. cohini, Bacillus 10.2%, including B. subtilis and B. licheniformis, Curtobacterium, Micrococcus and Streptococcus 5.1%, Ctrubacterium, Rhodococcus and Agrobacterium 3.4%. Our data also confirms the existence of Aspergillus which comprised 23.4% of fungi colonies, followed by Penicillium 12.8%, Emerciella sp. 10.62%, Tetracoccosporium, Eurotium sp. 8.51%, Rhizopus sp., Sterile fungus, Trichocladium sp. 6.4%, Alternaria sp., Phoma sp., Yeast, Curvularia sp., Ascochyta sp., Taeniolella sp., Trichophyton, Fusarium sp., 2.12% of total isolated fungi.
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  Cite this Reference:
Adel Kamal Khider, Jwan Jalal Abdullah and Fareed Matti Toma, 2012. Atmospheric Movement of Bacteria and Fungi in Clouds of Dust in Erbil City, Iraq.  Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, 4(03): 303-307.
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ISSN (Online):  2041-0492
ISSN (Print):   2041-0484
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