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    Abstract
2010 (Vol. 2, Issue: 1)
Article Information:

Proximate Composition and Physicochemical Properties on the Seeds and Oil of Annona muricata grown In Congo-Brazzaville

A. Kimbonguila, J.M. Nzikou, L. Matos, B. Loumouamou, C.B. Ndangui, N.P.G. Pambou-Tobi, A.A. Abena, Th. Silou, J. Scher and S. Desobry
Corresponding Author:  Jean Mathurin N'ZIKOU 

Key words:  Annona muricata, essential fatty acid, DSC, oil yield, physicochemical properties, proximate composition,
Vol. 2 , (1): Page No: 13-18
Submitted Accepted Published
2009 November, 05 2009 November, 23 2010 January, 10
Abstract:

Proximate composition and physicochemical analyses were carried out on the seed and extracted oil of Annona muricata. The results showed that the seed contained 7.7% moisture, 8.5% crude protein, 9.7% ash, 5.2% crude fiber, 40% fat and 34.1% carbohydrate. The seeds were found to be good sources of minerals. Potassium (357.141.84 mg/100 g) was the highest, followed in descending order by Calcium (149.12.10 mg/100 g), Phosphorus (136.0 1.52mg/100g), Sodium (17.352.47 mg/100 g), and Magnesium (12.571.42 mg/100 g).The physical properties of the oil extracts showed the state to be liquid at room temperature. The oil was found to contain high levels of unsaturated fatty acids, especially oleic (up to 41.41%) and linoleic (up to 30.60% ). Annona muricata oil can be classified in the oleic-linoleic acid group. The dominant saturated acid was palmitic (up to 20.33%). The oil extracts exhibited good physicochemical properties and could be useful as edible oils and for industrial applications.
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  Cite this Reference:
A. Kimbonguila, J.M. Nzikou, L. Matos, B. Loumouamou, C.B. Ndangui, N.P.G. Pambou-Tobi, A.A. Abena, Th. Silou, J. Scher and S. Desobry, 2010. Proximate Composition and Physicochemical Properties on the Seeds and Oil of Annona muricata grown In Congo-Brazzaville.  Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, 2(1): Page No: 13-18.
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