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2013 (Vol. 5, Issue: 03)
Article Information:

Evaluation of Uranium Accumulation in Black Spruce Trees

Praise Nyade, Derek Wilton, Henry Longerich, Gary Thompson and Paul McNeill
Corresponding Author:  Praise Nyade 

Key words:  Bioaccumulation factor, bio-indicator, black spruce, transfer factor, uranium, ,
Vol. 5 , (03): 113-122
Submitted Accepted Published
November 19, 2012 January 11, 2013 March 20, 2013

This study evaluated the metal accumulation capacity of black spruce seedlings (Picea mariana) with a special focus on uranium and compared uptake from peat and podzol soil treated with various concentrations of uranyl nitrate hexahydrate. Bio-available indices for uranium in the substrates, accumulation factors and transfer factors for translocation of U between different plant organs were estimated. The results showed higher concentration of U in shoots with accumulation factors up to seven times greater than values determined in roots. Uranium accumulation in stems was several orders of magnitude higher than the metal content in roots and needles. Transfer from substrate to the plants was influenced by substrate-specific properties, resulting in higher uptake of U from soil than from peat. The pattern of U accumulation was consistent with that previously reported in field studies. Metal accumulation values also showed linear progression with Bio-available metal concentrations in the substrate suggesting that black spruce trees are best classified as bio-indicators of uranium content in underlying substrates rather than hyper accumulators of the metal.
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  Cite this Reference:
Praise Nyade, Derek Wilton, Henry Longerich, Gary Thompson and Paul McNeill, 2013. Evaluation of Uranium Accumulation in Black Spruce Trees.  Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, 5(03): 113-122.
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ISSN (Online):  2041-0492
ISSN (Print):   2041-0484
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