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2010 (Vol. 2, Issue: 3)
Article Information:

Distribution and Utilisation of Wetlands in Swaziland

M.T. Masarirambi, A.M. Manyatsi and N. Mhazo
Corresponding Author:  Norman Mhazo 

Key words:  Diversity, legislation, Swaziland, utilisation, wetlands, ,
Vol. 2 , (3): Page No: 146-152
Submitted Accepted Published
2010 May, 04 2010 May, 21 2010 July, 10

The objective of this study was to develop an inventory of the wetlands found in Swaziland and to review the legislation and policies applied to effectively utilise and conserve these resources. The study was implemented through a desk-review of literature, analysis of existing maps and satellite images. Detailed field surveys were conducted to verify and complement desk-review findings. Three dominant types of wetlands were identified; riverine system; lacustrine system; and palustrine system. They were found in the four ecological zones of Swaziland to varying extends which had not been fully mapped and documented. The wetlands are highly valued for a variety of plants that play important roles in the economy and cultural activities for local people. Swaziland has legislation and policies that have some implications on utilisation and management of wetlands. They include the Natural Resources Regulations of 1951, the W ild Bird Protection Act of 1914, the Water Act of 2003 and the Environmental Management Act of 2002. W etlands in the country are being degraded due to drainage for cultivation and urban development, overgrazing and invasion by alien invasive species.
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  Cite this Reference:
M.T. Masarirambi, A.M. Manyatsi and N. Mhazo, 2010. Distribution and Utilisation of Wetlands in Swaziland.  Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, 2(3): Page No: 146-152.
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ISSN (Online):  2041-0492
ISSN (Print):   2041-0484
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