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2009 (Vol. 1, Issue: 1)
Article Information:

Nature of Potable Water Supply and Demand in Jema’a Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria

I.B. Abaje, O.F. Ati, and S. Ishaya
Corresponding Author:  Abaje, Iliya Bitrus 

Key words:  Household, pipe-borne water, water scarcity, water vendors, water-borne diseases, ,
Vol. 1 , (1): Page No: 16-21
Submitted Accepted Published
2009 June, 10 2009 July, 18
Abstract:

This research work examines the nature of potable water supply and demand in Jema’a Local Government Area of Kaduna State. A total of 220 questionnaires were administered to households in five wards within the study area, although only 200 of these questionnaires were used for the purpose of analysis. Findings revealed that at some times and locations, the value of water can be very high due to scarcity, but at other times and locations it can be very low or even free due to relatively plentiful supplies. A 20-liter can of w ater is sold at an average rate of N20 in most parts of the study area by commercial water vendors. Findings also revealed that rapid population growth, increase standard of living and purchasing power, changes in social tastes and policy decisions are all important controls on water demands in the study area. These have not been accompanied by an increase in w ater supply, and hence water scarcities are critical especially in the months of February-April. As a result of that, the uses of alternative sources of water are indispensable. Result further revealed that an individual needs an average quantity of 37.45 liters of water per day. The low service level of water accounts for prevalence of water-borne diseases which could get to epidemic scale if not attended to promptly.
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  Cite this Reference:
I.B. Abaje, O.F. Ati, and S. Ishaya, 2009. Nature of Potable Water Supply and Demand in Jema’a Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria.  Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, 1(1): Page No: 16-21.
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ISSN (Online):  2041-0492
ISSN (Print):   2041-0484
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